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What Is the Average Retirement Savings By State?

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Everyone wants to know the magic number you need to be saving for retirement. But does where you live also have an impact on your actual retirement savings?

Almost six years ago, we set out to answer this question by looking at the average retirement savings of our 2.8 million Dashboard users (anonymized, of course). This allowed us to assess how much people had in their retirement nest eggs, broken down by age, generation, and state.

Do you have enough in your 401k to retire when you want?

This year, in the midst of a global pandemic marked also by market volatility, unemployment spikes, and financial hardship, we took a look at how people’s retirement savings have changed.

Now more than one year into the pandemic, we wanted to take a look at how these numbers have adjusted. Let’s dive in!

The Average Retirement Savings by State

Average Retirement Savings Balances
State Average Retirement Balance Rank (as of 4/3/21)
AK $489,070 4 out of 51
AL $378,948 36 out of 51
AR $345,267 46 out of 51
AZ $407,029 30 out of 51
CA $428,437 20 out of 51
CO $426,970 21 out of 51
CT $523,568 1 out of 51 (BEST)
DC $325,671 49 out of 51
DE $433,660 15 out of 51
FL $407,393 29 out of 51
GA $414,723 25 out of 51
HI $345,401 45 out of 51
IA $443,587 11 out of 51
ID $410,434 27 out of 51
IL $429,265 17 out of 51
IN $385,047 33 out of 51
KS $430,460 16 out of 51
KY $405,671 31 out of 51
LA $371,465 38 out of 51
MA $457,681 8 out of 51
MD $458,107 7 out of 51
ME $384,571 34 out of 51
MI $419,201 23 out of 51
MN $447,836 10 out of 51
MO $390,863 32 out of 51
MS $340,894 47 out of 51
MT $370,917 39 out of 51
NC $440,227 12 out of 51
ND $310,766 50 out of 51
NE $378,412 37 out of 51
NH $494,562 2 out of 51
NJ $489,664 3 out of 51
NM $412,989 26 out of 51
NV $356,973 43 out of 51
NY $362,468 41 out of 51
OH $408,379 28 out of 51
OK $340,389 48 out of 51
OR $434,085 14 out of 51
PA $439,226 13 out of 51
RI $383,512 35 out of 51
SC $423,780 22 out of 51
SD $428,530 19 out of 51
TN $358,963 42 out of 51
TX $415,277 24 out of 51
UT $300,392 51 out of 51 (WORST)
VA $468,579 5 out of 51
VT $467,757 6 out of 51
WA $447,869 9 out of 51
WI $428,872 18 out of 51
WV $354,018 44 out of 51
WY $364,173 40 out of 51

There are a few specific regions that seem to stand out the most in terms of top ranking. If you compare East Coast versus West Coast, it’s clear East Coasters are tucking away more in their retirement nest eggs. Connecticut leads this year’s top 5 list with an average retirement savings of $523,568. Fellow East Coast states also included in the top 5 are: New Hampshire (2nd – $494,562), New Jersey (3rd – $489,664), and Virginia (5th – $468,579).

Top 5 2021
CT $523,568
NH $494,562
NJ $489,664
AK $489,070
VA $468,579

The lone state representing the west region in the top 5, Alaska ranks fourth with an average balance of $489,070.

As far as the bottom of the list goes, this year the states are: Utah (1st bottom – $300,392), North Dakota (2nd bottom – $310,766), Washington D.C. (3rd bottom – $325,671), Oklahoma (4th bottom – $340,389) and Mississippi (5th bottom – $340,894).

Bottom 5 2021
UT $300,392
ND $310,766
DC $325,671
OK $340,389
MS $340,894

Why Some States Rank Higher

There are several factors at play when looking at retirement savings averages. It should be noted that only looking at the state-by-state breakdown may be unfair when you think of different tax burdens and cost of living metrics that vary between states. In our analysis, we did not look specifically into these other factors as a leading cause. In our assumption, it likely makes sense why states such as Alaska are included in the top 5 list – especially since Alaska is a state known for favorable tax laws compared to states such as California. See the Tax Burden chart below.

High cost of living could also be a factor for certain states not making the top 5. That is likely the reason for Hawaii, District of Columbia, and New York, to name a few, as cities in those states top the highest cost of living, according to The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. According to this 2021 ranking, here are the top 5 states with the highest cost of living: Hawaii, California, New York, Oregon, and Massachusetts.

Rank State Total Tax Burden Property Tax Burden Individual Income Tax Burden Total Sales & Excise Tax Burden
1 Alaska 5.16% 3.71% 0.00% 1.45%
2 Delaware 5.52% 1.85% 2.47% 1.20%
3 Tennessee 6.18% 1.92% 0.08% 4.18%
4 Wyoming 6.47% 3.81% 0.00% 2.66%
5 Florida 6.82% 2.79% 0.00% 4.03%
6 New Hampshire 6.85% 5.57% 0.08% 1.20%
7 Oklahoma 6.94% 1.65% 1.79% 3.50%
8 Montana 7.22% 3.51% 2.47% 1.24%
9 Alabama 7.36% 1.43% 1.88% 4.05%
10 South Carolina 7.48% 2.88% 1.98% 2.62%

According to a 2020 report from Statista, New Jersey is known for having the highest ratio of millionaire households per capita in the country (9.76%). So it’s no question they are included in the top five for highest average retirement balances. Alaska is one of the most tax-friendly states in the country, including no state income tax and no state sales tax. Ranked second on our list for highest average retirement balances, New Hampshire also carries several tax-friendly benefits. Residents don’t have to pay state income tax on Social Security benefits, pensions, distributions from retirement accounts, or income from a classified retirement job.

Rank State % of millionaire households (as of 11/2020)
1 New Jersey 9.76%
2 Maryland 9.72%
3 Connecticut 9.44%
4 Massachusetts 9.38%
5 Hawaii 9.20%
6 District of Columbia 9.12%
7 California 8.51%
8 New Hampshire 8.47%
9 Virginia 8.31%
10 Alaska 8.18%

Also, it’s no surprise that Alaska and New Hampshire recently topped our list of best places to retire in 2021.

How Much Do You Need to Retire Comfortably in Each State?

Unfortunately, there’s no one answer to how much you will need to retire comfortably, no matter what state you live in. But there are a few factors to consider, and there are a few common methods to help you determine what you might need to support your desired retirement lifestyle.

One thing to consider when determining how much you’ll need to retire is your state’s tax burden. We covered this a little earlier, but there are several types of taxation that vary by state and that could really impact your ability to sustain your desired lifestyle. Some of these include property tax, income tax, and inheritance tax. For example, if an expected inheritance is part of your retirement plan, then you should know if your state has estate or inheritance taxes.

There are various methods of calculating how much you might need to spend or withdraw from your portfolio. A common one is the “4% rule.” If you follow this rule, you withdraw 4% of your portfolio in the first year of retirement and then you annually withdraw that same dollar amount, adjusted for inflation, for the next 30 years. The idea is that if you follow this rule, you minimize your chances of running out of money in retirement. While this rule is a good starting point, it has been hotly debated since it was established. Some argue that it is too conservative. Others argue that today’s low-interest environment and longer life expectancies make it too risky. Meanwhile, your financial future hangs in the balance. If the rule is too conservative, then you’ve unnecessarily constrained your retirement lifestyle. If the rule is too risky, you could run out of money just when you need it most.

So a good way to get a personalized plan is to use a tool like Personal Capital’s free Retirement Planner. The Retirement Planner will allow you to input specific information that’s personal to you (like planned major spending events, when you want to take Social Security, what age you plan to retire, etc.) and will run thousands of simulations to give you a percent chance of retirement success based on your current portfolio. Get access to the Retirement Planner by signing up for Personal Capital’s free financial tools.

By Generation Breakdown

In addition to the average retirement balances for each state, you may be curious how your retirement balance compares with the average balance for each of the different generations. As you look at the table below, it is important to keep in mind that everyone’s financial goals and plans differ. Your focus should be on controlling the controllable and developing a plan that fits your long-term strategy.

By Generation (as of 4/3/21)
Age Group Total Users Average
Retirement Balance
Median
Retirement Balance
Gen Z 105,452 $35,197 $10,904
Millennials 700,116 $166,430 $71,485
Gen X 357,352 $568,750 $290,807
Baby Boomers 182,774 $1,029,840 $570,789
Other/No Age Data 301,192 $277,151 $63,210

Our Take

The keys to a successful retirement are visibility into your finances and having an objective person in your corner who can help you make decisions that are in your best financial interest.

That’s where Personal Capital can help, pairing expert financial guidance with free financial tools for monitoring your financial accounts and investments. To see how Personal Capital can help you control your retirement planning in any environment, register for our free financial tools to get started.

About Our Data: To obtain this data, Personal Capital analyzed the retirement accounts of dashboard users on an anonymized basis. Data presented represent the average (mean) balances of retirement accounts linked by users of Personal Capital’s dashboard broken out by state as of 4/3/2021. Location data was assumed based on a user’s IP address. Certain accounts, such as test accounts, major outliers, duplicative spousal accounts, and non-retirement accounts such as retail checking and savings accounts, were excluded from this analysis.

All charts, figures, and graphs are for illustrative purposes only. Read Full Disclosures »

See the Average Retirement Balances for Each State On the Personal Capital Map

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